Iceland has the world’s smallest gender gap for the second year in a row, according to this year’s Global Gender Gap Report released by the World Economic Forum (WEF).
The WEF measures the female-to-male ratio in areas of education, health, politics, and economics. For instance, Iceland’s female-to-male ratio in parliament is 75%, with 43 females to 57 males. However, when looking at legislators, senior officials and managers, that ratio is only 50%.
Furthermore, although females enrolled in tertiary education outnumber men with a 191% female-to-male ratio, when it comes to salary, the female-to-male ratio is 69% with females making an average 27.460 USD compared to 40.000 USD.
While these numbers reveal a certain gender inequality, Iceland topped the Gender Gap Index with a score of 85%. Following closely behind are Norway, Finland, Sweden and New Zealand. After jumping 12 spots this year, the United States is for the first time amongst the top 20 countries with the smallest gender gap. France, on the other hand, regressed to 48th on the list, down from 18 last year.
“The 2010 report brings together five years worth of data. We find that out of the 114 countries covered over this time period 86% have narrowed their gender gaps, while 14% are regressing,” says co-author of the report, Saadia Zahidiand, in a statement on the WEF’s website.