Flooding Of Skaftá River Has Begun - The Reykjavik Grapevine

Flooding Of Skaftá River Has Begun

Published January 19, 2014

Photos by
Met Office

The Icelandic Met Office has announced that the Skaftá River has begun flooding. Their announcement to the general public is as follows:

Within the past 24 hours, the level of the Skaftá river at Sveinstindur has risen. Additionally electrical conductivity readings from the same location have increased. These observations signify that a glacial outburst flood (jökulhlaup) is in progress. It is likely that the flood originated from the western Skaftá ice cauldron, which last drained in September 2012; however this is unconfirmed until visual observations are made. The discharge of Skaftá at Sveinstindur is presently 370 m3/s. Flood conditions are expected in Skaftá over the next two to three days. Some flooding of unpaved roads close to Skaftá is possible. Hydrogen sulphide is released from the floodwater as it drains from the Vatnajökull ice-cap. The gas is particularly potent at the ice margin, where concentrations will reach poisonous levels. Travelers must stay away from the edges of Skaftárjökull, Tungnaárjökull and Síðujökull while the flood occurs. Crevasses will develop rapidly around the ice cauldron, so travellers on Vatnajökull should stay away from the region, including the lower part of Skaftárjökull and Tungnárjökull, where floodwater could burst through the surface. Floods in Skaftá are sourced from two ice cauldrons, formed due to persistent geothermal activity beneath Vatnajökull. On average, the cauldrons drain every two years, producing floods of up to 1,500 cubic metres per second. When the interval between floods is short the flood tends to be smaller. The eastern cauldron is responsible for the largest floods.

The above image, provided by the Met Office, shows possible areas where flooding could reach, marked by black arrows. The Grapevine echos the sentiments of the Met Office: if you are traveling near the area, stay away from the flood zone, for the sake of your own safety.

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